On Wednesday, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) upheld a series of patents on gene editing technology by the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. The patents have been awarded for a DNA altering technique called CRISPR.
There is often confusion between biotechnology and pharmaceuticals; although they both produce drugs, they do so in different ways and have a different basis. To manufacture drugs, biotech companies use live organisms such as bacteria whereas pharmaceutical industry usually use artificial materials to create their drugs.
A Freedom to Operate (FTO) analysis invariably begins by searching patent literature for issued or pending patents, and obtaining a legal opinion as to whether a product, process or service may be considered to infringe any patent(s) owned by others.
As a result of the Alice Corporation vs CLS Bank ruling, software patents are taking center stage in a heated debate which poses important questions about the nature of patent protection and patentability. We analyzed the state of software patents globally, and found that nearly 50% of all software patent filings are made in the USA, and US-based companies dominating the list of top patentees in terms of activity.